Tuberculosis Write for Us
The term “tuberculosis” is derived from the Latin word for “nodule,” or something that protrudes. Tuberculosis is a serious infection that can infect your lungs or other tissues. It most usually affects your lungs but can also impact your spine, brain, or kidneys.
TB is frequently abbreviated as TB. Not everyone infected with tuberculosis becomes ill, but you must be treated if you do.
Tuberculosis Symptoms And Signs
Latent TB has no symptoms. It can be detected with a skin or blood test.
Active TB signs include:
- Cough that lasts longer than three weeks
- Chest pain
- Coughing up blood
- feeling exhausted all the time
- Sweating at night
- Appetite loss
- Weight reduction
What Is The Cause Of TB?
The bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes TB. Although tuberculosis is infectious, it is not easily transmitted. Germs move through the air and typically infect the lungs but they can also infect other body regions. To catch a severe infection, you usually have to spend a lot of time in touch with someone who has it.
TB can affect anyone. However, some conditions can raise your risk, including:
Immune system weakness
A strong immune system may often defeat TB bacteria. However, the following illnesses and medications can impair your immune system:
- Cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy
- Anti-rejection drugs for transplanted organs
- Some rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and psoriasis medications
- Malnutrition or underweight
- Very youthful or very old
What Types Of Testing Are Used To Detect TB?
There are two types of TB screening tests: the Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST) and the interferon-gamma release assay (blood test) (IGRA).
A healthcare provider will inject a little pure protein derivative (PPD) under the skin of your forearm for the TST. After two to three days, you must return to the healthcare practitioner to examine the injection site.
A healthcare provider will take blood for the IGRA and submit the sample to the lab.
Additional tests to establish whether an infection is current or whether your lungs infection include:
- Sputum and lung fluid tests are performed in the lab.
- X-ray of the chest.
- CT scans are computed tomography (CT) scans.
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