Kidney Disease Write for Us
Kidney disease, commonly known as chronic kidney disease or CKD, The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. Each kidney is approximately the size of a fist. Kidney disease consists of conditions that damage your kidneys and reduce their capacity to keep you healthy by sieving waste from your blood. If kidney disease worsens, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications like:
high blood pressure
- Anemia (low blood count)
- weak bones
- poor nutritional health
Kidney disease might, in due course, lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life. Kidney disease also rises your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease. These problems might happen slowly over a long time. Early recognition and treatment can frequently keep kidney disease from getting worse.
Signs and symptoms of kidney disease grow over time if kidney damage progresses slowly. Loss of kidney function can cause an accumulation of fluid, body waste, or electrolyte problems. Depending on how critical it is, loss of kidney function can cause the following:
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Urinating more or less
- Decreased mental sharpness
- Muscle cramps
- Swelling of feet and ankles
- Skin itchy, dryness
- Hypertension(High blood pressure)that’s hard to control
- Difficulty in breathing, if fluid builds up in the lungs
Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart
Symptoms and Signs of kidney disease are frequently across-the-board. This means other illnesses can also cause them. Because your kidneys can repay for lost function, you may not develop signs and symptoms until irreversible damage occurs.
Most causes of kidney disease are also risk factors for the condition. Also, diabetes and high blood pressure, some other risk factors contain:
- Family history of kidney disease
- being older, as kidney disease is much more common among people over 60 years of age
- heart disease
- never-ending previous damage to the kidneys
How Is Kidney Disease Treated?
Kidney disease is not a sure-able disease, but steps might be taken in the early kidney disease to preserve a higher level of kidney function for longer. If you have reduced kidney function:
- Keep your regular healthcare provider/nephrologist (kidney specialist) visits.
- Control your blood sugar if you have diabetes.
- Avoid taking painkillers and other medicine that might make your kidney disease worse.
- Manage your Hypertension(blood pressure) levels.
- Consult a dietitian regarding beneficial changes in diet. Dietary changes might contain limiting protein, eating foods that reduce blood cholesterol levels, and limiting sodium (salt) and potassium intake.
- Avoid smoking if you smoke.
- Treat anemia (if present).
- Stay at a healthy weight.
How Is Kidney Disease Treated?
Early recognition of kidney disease, when the illness can reduce or prevented, facilitates the best therapy. Diet, exercise, drugs, lifestyle changes, and managing risk factors like diabetes and hypertension are all part of early treatment. But, after kidney failure, dialysis or a kidney transplant require.
- Dialysis is classified into two types: hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). These methods eliminate toxins and excess fluid from the blood. Patients frequently receive hemodialysis 3-4 times a week at home or a dialysis center. Your blood pushes through a dialysis machine during hemodialysis, where it clean and returned to your body. Peritoneal dialysis cleans the blood within your body every day through the lining of your abdomen using a specific solution that is replaced regularly. Peritoneal dialysis can be performed at home, work, school, or even while traveling. Home dialysis is becoming more common and is connected with improved outcomes.
- A kidney transplant inserts a healthy kidney from a deceased donor or a living donor, such as a close relative, spouse, friend, or charitable stranger, into your body. Antirejection and other drugs are required to keep the transplant going. A kidney transplant, on the other hand, is a treatment, not a cure. More than 22,000 (22,393) kidney transplantations were performed in the United States in 2018, according to the United States Renal Data System (USRDS). The active waiting list lasts far longer than the number of donor’s kidneys, posing a continuous difficulty.
- Even though it is critical for individuals nearing the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation to be cared for by a nephrologist, 38.8% of incident (newly occurring) KFRT patients (18-44 years) got little or no pre-KFRT nephrology care in 2018.
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